BACK TO ZERO

Not knowing where to start is perhaps the most difficult question to answer now.

The victims of Typhoon Yolanda in the province of Iloilo are in a blank future. The trail of damages and destructions of the typhoon had left them empty-handed. They need to reconstruct their homes, restore their livelihoods, and recover whatever that have been lost. They are to rebuild their lives all over again.

In a recent report, economists estimate as much as $15 billion or about P650 billion worth of damages brought about by the super typhoon, the most destructive and most costly catastrophe written in the history of the Philippines.

The report from Bloomberg using a Kinetic Analysis Corp. cited Charles Watson, director of research and development at US disaster ballpark figure of 5% loss of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP).

Economist and Albay Gov. Joey Salceda also supported this idea when he said the destruction Yolanda brought to Visayas and other affected areas will strike Philippine economy on the 4th quarter GDP and may extend its effect in 2014. Report from Rappler said he also based his analysis on Bloomberg.

On the latest report of the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC) as November 15, 2013 (6:00am), cost of damage has reached  a total of P4,060,044,079.13 worth of damages (P362,834,761.13 to infrastructure and P3,697,209,318.00 to agriculture).

A total of 71,733 hectares of agricultural land planted with rice (67,095 has),corn (2,384 has) and high value crops (2,254 has) were affected in Regions IV-B, V, VI, VII, VIII, and CARAGA (42,137 has with no chance of recovery and 29,596 has with chance of recovery) and the estimated production loss was P2,321,091,763.00 or 138,280 metric tons. Rice was the hardest hit with Region VIII ranking no. 1 (38,441 has) followed by Region V (17,385 has).

Rice losses amounted to P2,221,133,529; corn P48,512,572; and high value crops P51,445,662. On the other hand, livestock, fisheries, irrigation facilities and infrastructure were also damaged amounting to P1,376,117,555. The estimated cost of damages to agriculture has amounted to P3,697,209,318.

Number of casualties are still increasing:  2,360 dead; 3,853 injured; 77 missing. Damaged houses are also escalating with a latest record 253,049 houses (136,247 totally / 117,802 partially). Data were gathered from 8,819 barangays in 43 provinces, 520 municipalities, and 54 cities of Regions IV-A, IV-B, V, VI, VII, VIII, X, XI and CARAGA as identified affected areas.

 

Local Impact

In Western Visayas, the National Economic and Development Authority 6 (NEDA-6) confirmed

that the devastation brought by super typhoon Yolanda in some affected provinces in Western Visayas has contributed a big impact in the economic growth particularly on tourism, agriculture, fisheries and food industries.

NEDA assistant regional director Atty. Raul Anlocotan said wide damaged of aquatic and marine products were recorded in northern Iloilo particularly in Estancia town which is known as the “Alaska of the Philippines” and in Capiz province also known as the “Seafood Capital of the Philippines”.

Anlocotan said with low production of fish products it will result to higher prices, although, he said that Iloilo has also some alternative sources of marine products particularly in Guimaras strait, southern Iloilo and neighboring province of Antique.

He added they are also expecting slow  recovery on fishing industry because most of fishing boats, storage and processing facility were totally wrecked.

Anlocotan also said they are also expecting reduction of agricultural production this quarter and on the next quarter since most riceland in Panay Island and part of Negros Occidendal were also damaged.

The director said foreign exchange or products exported to other countries will be affected, too.

Anlocotan also said it would take two years to normalize the entire industry because all sources of livelihood and other vital inputs such as power supply and infrastructure were also damaged.

As major role of NEDA-6, the assistant director said they will conduct an inventory of all the damaged infrastructures and agriculture that are subject for rehabilitation and recovery.

Anlocotan stressed the assessment will take within three months and after that they will be coming up with a rehabilitation and recovery plan.

Once finished, he said they will submit the report to the Office of the President for identification of priority projects and funding purposes.

As of writing time, a total of 431,131 families composed of 2,086,870 persons were affected by the onslaught of Typhoon Yolanda based on the record of the Office of Civil Defense 6 (OCD-6).

The typhoon also left 124,545 houses totally damaged while 141,162 partially damaged.

An estimated cost of damaged in infrastructure and agriculture amounted to P 150,115,161 and P 182,231,190, respectively.

The numbers of casualties are also increasing which consist of 112 dead, 165 injured and 10 missing persons as of press time. IMT

by: MONTESA GRIÑO-CAOYONAN & MARY PAULINE BALMES