The production of Negros black pigs is being promoted by the provincial government as a new area of investment to generate business, employment and livelihood, particularly in the rural areas of Negros Occidental.
Through the Provincial Veterinary Office (PVO), it aims to provide an alternative source of livelihood through the production of these animals known to contain high-quality protein.
Dr. Renante Decena, provincial veterinarian, said that black pig raising is budget-friendly to small-scale farmers who find the cost of commercial feeds prohibitive since it requires low-cost production inputs for housing and feeding.
As of 2018, black pig population in Negros Occidental is pegged at 20,000 heads.
The province, including its capital Bacolod City, has a daily requirement of 145 heads while monthly ship-out is 350 heads for Iloilo and 150 heads for Cebu.
Decena said the province has a total requirement of up to 3,085 heads every month.
“Black pigs when roasted is less fatty and meatier than the standard or imported breeds,” he added.
According to the PVO, black pigs are best known for its color attribute — some have white, red and black spots.
These animals are very easy to raise and have an ability to grow and reproduce five to eight piglets even under adverse conditions, it added.
Moreover, black pigs are also found to be more resistant to parasites and common diseases compared to the standard or imported breeds.
Decena said Negros black pigs are commonly grown in free-range and being fed by locally available resources.
These resources, found in many areas in the province, include gabi (taro), kamote and kamote tops, kangkong, banana trunks and leaves, copra, rice bran, cassava, and madre de agua.
Herbal plants are also used as substitutes to ease some animal diseases and illnesses like ipil-ipil seeds and niyog-niyogan for deworming, madre cacao or kakawate for skin parasites, sambong for respiratory problems, and star apple and guava leave as concoction for scouring.PNA